The following shared by Norm Roth was originally posted here: 
    As 2023 draws to a close, it presents a valuable opportunity for leaders to pause and reflect on the year that has been. In an ever-evolving world, such retrospection is not just a matter of reminiscing but a crucial exercise in leadership and strategic planning.
    The beginning of any year often starts with a burst of new resolutions, goals, and strategies. For many leaders, this is a time of optimism and renewed energy. As you look back, consider how these initial plans unfolded. Did the strategies you implemented at the start of the year yield the desired outcomes? Reflection on this aspect requires honesty and openness to acknowledge both successes and shortcomings. It’s essential to understand the factors that contributed to achieving certain goals, and equally important to dissect the reasons behind any deviations from the planned path.
    The mid-year usually marks a period of progress assessment and course corrections. It’s a critical phase where the initial enthusiasm may wane, and unexpected challenges often surface. Reflect on how you, as a leader, navigated these waters. Did you adapt to the changing circumstances with agility? How did your leadership influence your team or organization during times of stress or unpredictability? The ability to steer through uncharted territories is a defining characteristic of effective leadership.
    As the year progresses, leaders often face the challenge of maintaining momentum. It’s a time where the energy of new beginnings might diminish, and the end-of-year fatigue sets in. Reflect on how you managed to keep yourself and your team motivated and focused. Did you find innovative ways to overcome stagnancy? How effective were your communication and engagement strategies in ensuring that your team remained aligned with the organization’s goals?
    The final quarter of the year is typically a rush to meet year-end targets and prepare for the coming year. As a leader, it’s vital to look back and assess how well you balanced the immediate pressures of closing the year successfully with the need for strategic planning for the future. Did you manage to allocate adequate time and resources for both? How did your decisions during this period align with the long-term vision of your organization
    Throughout the year, leadership also entails dealing with unforeseen events and crises. The year 2023, like any other, would have had its share of unpredicted challenges. Reflect on how you responded to these situations. Did you manage to maintain a level head and make decisions that were not just reactive but also strategic in nature? The manner in which a leader handles crises speaks volumes about their leadership style and effectiveness.
    In addition to these chronological reflections, consider the people aspect of your leadership. How did you contribute to the growth and development of your team? Reflect on the relationships you built, the conflicts you navigated, and the culture you fostered within your organization. Leaders play a pivotal role in shaping the work environment, and it’s crucial to evaluate how your leadership impacted the morale, productivity, and overall well-being of your team.